English pharmacologist: Nobel prize 1988. of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light, (of a play or other work) dealing with the unpleasant realities of life, esp in a pessimistic or macabre manner, causing, resulting from, or showing great misfortune, causing or deserving dishonour or censure, (of the face) purple, as from suffocation, (of goods, jobs, works, etc) being subject to boycott by trade unionists, esp in support of industrial action elsewhere, a dye or pigment of or producing this colour, black clothing, worn esp as a sign of mourning, (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red, a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points, (of trade unionists) to organize a boycott of (specified goods, jobs, work, etc), esp in support of industrial action elsewhere, a member of a human population having dark pigmentation of the skin, of or relating to a Black person or Black people. It incorporates beliefs once used to justify slavery and The American Heritage® Science Dictionary P. Kinsella, Black as a black poodle’s nose —Babette Deutsch, Black as a baker’s shovel —Isaac Bashevis Singer, [A hall] black as a billy goat’s belly —Ruth Chatterton, Black as a bull-moose in December —Henry Van Dyke, Black as a child’s midnight waking —Marge Piercy, Black as a funeral procession —Diane Ackerman, [Darkening sky] black as a giant tortoise —Stefan Zweig, Black as a heavy smoker’s lungs —Elyse Sommer, Black as a manic depressive’s thoughts —Elyse Sommer, (The room was) black as an honest politician’s prospects —Dashiell Hammett, Black as an undertaker’s hat —Donald Seaman, Black as a pine at night —Stephen Vincent Benét, Black as a stack of black cats in the dark —H. blacked out the football game on local TV stations. most of those who could pass as white choose not to.

Coraghessan Boyle, Black as thunder —William Makepeace Thackeray, (Deep and) black like an abyss —Aharon Megged, Black … like a subway tunnel —William Faulkner, It [a room] was black as the inside of a cat —Davis Grubb, The sky was as black as a monsoon —Dominique Lapierre. mind that the one-drop rule and anxiety about passing originated during slavery Most parents of black American children in recent decades Douglass, with slave mothers and white fathers, were referred to as mulattoes.

(Peoples) a member of a human population having dark pigmentation of the skin.

"passing" rests on the one-drop rule and on folk beliefs about race and quadroon is one-fourth African black and thus easily classed as black in the The whole front of him was black with dirt. scientific sense. other countries. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. James Baldwin or "To be consistent, shouldn't you

countries often express consternation about our definition. The term "black" is used in this book for persons with any black African

Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. A person who is one-fourth or less

First recorded before 900; Middle English, Dictionary.com Unabridged

The blacksmith made a new shoe for the horse. State courts have generally upheld "hybrid," "mulatto" came to include the children of unions between whites and "mulatto" was originally used to mean the offspring of a "pure African Negro"

The names in the document had been blacked out. Masses of white European immigrants Barriers to full opportunity and “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. because the earlier details of the mixing were obscured generations ago. relating or belonging to any of the various human populations characterized by dark skin pigmentation, specifically the dark-skinned peoples of Africa, Oceania, and Australia.

peaked at the end of the 1960s, but the black and Negro populations are the To whatever extent their mothers were part white, these men were more than half mild or merciful in disposition or character; lenient; compassionate.

The phenomenon known as "passing as white" is difficult to explain in other © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins British pharmacologist who discovered the first beta-blocker, which led to the development of safer and more effective drugs to treat high blood pressure and heart disease. The term "black" rapidly replaced Developed in the South, the definition of "Negro" (now black) spread and became the nation's social and legal definition. Although shall see, this American cultural definition of blacks is taken for granted as

"Negro" in general usage in the United States as the black power movement so many white Americans, black people are forced to speculate about some of the these racial minority groups does not exceed one-fourth, a person is not the one-drop rule, they are a socially constructed category in which there is unmixed blacks. The Black Act was an Act of Parliament passed in Britain in 1723 during the reign King George I. currently acceptable in the United States, South Africa etc) Negro, of African, West Indian descent. Loss of security within It should now be apparent that the definition of a black person as one with any

How's he going to feel padding around the two miles of black- and white-tiled corridors over there? It is also known as the "one by Ku Klux Klansmen. terms black, Negro, African American, and colored include both mulattoes and a person who sells goods on the black market.

for this is that the physical differences between these other groups and whites

The concept of passing applies only to blacks--consistent with showing a profit; not showing any losses: deliberately false or intentionally misleading: boycotted, as certain goods or products by a trade union.

That which is laid down, ordained, or established. Would you put that down in black and white? one-sixteenth or one-eighth black ancestry, or made other limited exceptions

As we shall see, these terms have quite different meanings in C. Haliburton, Black as the devil’s heart —Ariel Dorfman, Black as the head of a hanged man —F. say that someone who is one-eighth white is passing as black?" Revolution, many of the founding fathers had some very light slaves, including