Bridget Riley's did not have a formal primary education due to the displacement of war. What Is the Definition of Non-Objective Art? Bridget Riley then went to Goldsmiths College from 1949 to 1952. Until 1960 she She lives and works in London, Cornwall and the Vaucluse in France. He was a printer by trade and owned his own business. In 1938 he relocated the printing business, together with his family, to Lincolnshire. Updates? It is said that her art was created to make a statement about "absolutes." Her father and grandfather were both printmakers, so art was in her blood. In 1965 she participated with Vasarely, Yaacov Agam, and others in a noteworthy international exhibition entitled “The Responsive Eye” at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. Famous as an early proponent of Op Art, Bridget Riley was born in Norwood, South London, in 1931. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! It is coincidental that they are viewed as optical illusions. Bridget Riley, English artist whose vibrant optical pattern paintings were central to the Op art movement of the 1960s. Riley spent her childhood in Cornwall and attended Goldsmiths College (1949–52; now part of the University of London) and the Royal College of Art (1952–55; B.A.). Riley was born on April 24, 1931, in London. Wikidata Q234449 View or edit the full Wikipedia entry. 2 (1966) and Nineteen Greys (1968). Still, she is best known for her black and white works from the 1960s that helped inspire the new style of contemporary art. Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Biography of Flannery O'Connor, American Novelist, Short-Story Writer, The Life and Art of Jenny Holzer, Artist of Text-Based Truisms, Biography of Georgia O'Keeffe, Modernist American Artist, Biography of William Blake, English Poet and Artist, Life and Art of Cindy Sherman, Feminist Photographer. She studied at Cheltenham Ladies' College and later art at Goldsmiths College and the Royal College of Art in London. Until 1960 she painted primarily impressionistic landscapes and figures. Bridget Louise Riley (born 24 April 1931) is an English painter known for her singular op art paintings. Omissions? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Her study of the Pointillists, particularly Georges Seurat, led her to experiment with colour juxtaposition and optical effects, and under the influence of Victor Vasarely and others, her work took on a geometric abstraction, in which intricate patterns of black and white and, later, alternating colours were calculated to produce illusions of movement and topography. After her early, extensive artistic training, Bridget Riley spent several years casting about for her path. She studied at Cheltenham Ladies' College and later art at Goldsmiths College and the Royal College of Art in London. Riley’s artistic education began at Goldsmiths college of art in 1949, then at the Royal College in 1952 where she counted among her peers Peter Blake and Frank Auerbach. Getty record Introduction A primary practitioner of Op Art, Riley began as a student … She did get to CheltenhamLadies' Collegefrom 1946 to 1948. Bridget Riley: The Stripe Paintings 1961-2014", "Bridget Riley: The Stripe Paintings, 1961–2012 | Ridinghouse", Bridget Riley exhibition at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, 1998-9. She was named a Companion of Honour in 1998 and won the Japan Society’s Praemium Imperiale for Painting in 2003. She won a first prize for painting at the Venice Biennale in 1968. Her father and grandfather were both printmakers, so art was in her blood. In 1960, she began working in her signature style — what many refer to today as Op Art, a display of geometric patterns that tricks the eye and produces movement and color. In the decades since, she has experimented with different mediums (and color, which can be seen in works like 1990's Shadow Play), mastered the art of printmaking, moved through differently shaped themes, and introduced color to her paintings. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Victor Vasarely, Leader of the Op Art Movement, Biography of Kathe Kollwitz, German Printmaker, Biography of Josef Albers, Modern Artist and Influential Teacher, Biography of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese Artist. Bridget Riley, in full Bridget Louise Riley, (born April 24, 1931, London, England), English artist whose vibrant optical pattern paintings were central to the Op art movement of the 1960s. She was elected a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2006. Corrections? Riley was born in Norwood, London in 1931. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bridget-Riley, The Museum of Modern Art - Biography of Bridget Riley. Her meticulous, methodical discipline is phenomenal. Riley spent her childhood in Cornwall and attended Goldsmiths College (1949–52; now part of the University of London) and the Royal College of Art (1952–55; B.A.). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. She then transferred to The Royal College of Art where she graduated in 1955 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. While working as an art teacher, she began exploring the interplay of shape, lines, and light, boiling these elements down to black and white (initially) in order to fully understand them. "At the end of my pencil" article by Bridget Riley, Slideshow of paintings in Bridget Riley's Museum für Gegenwartskunst retrospective, 2012, Exhibition of Bridget Riley's work at Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna o Waiwhetu, Christchurch, New Zealand, 2017, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bridget_Riley&oldid=983638957, People educated at Cheltenham Ladies' College, Alumni of Goldsmiths, University of London, Commanders of the Order of the British Empire, Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour, Articles with dead external links from October 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Bridget Riley, Op art and the Sixties' (Thames and Hudson 2004), Frances Follin, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 11:14. Her father, John Fisher Riley, originally from Yorkshire, had been an Army officer. Her notable works include Drift No. Riley was born on April 24, 1931, in London. Bridget Riley began working in the Op Art movement far before it was named as an official artistic movement. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).